Nucleus accumbens and amygdala are possible substrates for the aversive stimulus effects of opiate withdrawal (Stinus 1990)
Corticotropin-releasing factor induces a place aversion independent of its neuroendocrine role (Cador 1992)
- Three Chambers
- Each rectangle(40cm x 33cm x 34cm) spaced at 120” from each other
- All chambers accessible from a triangular middle area.
- Wall coloring: are white, black dots, black stripes
- Floor textures: rough, medium or smooth.
Modification: IR Detection spaced 8.5 cm apart along the longer wall, 3.5 cm above the floor