Chronic Social Defeat Stress: Cage setup


Inclined Plane Maze


Rodent Tilt Apparatus


Suspended T-Maze


Cheeseboard Maze


Six Arm Maze


Long Arm Y-Maze


Height Test

The Height Test is used to observe rodent’s behavior when subjected to aversive, anxiogenic and novel situations using height as a determinant.


Olfactory Hole Board

The Olfactory Hole Board test is an adaptation of the classic Hole Board Test that is often used in the assessment of unconditioned behavior, cognition, and social interaction.

Double Y Angulated Maze consist of two Y mazes joined at the end of each tail

Double Y Angulated Maze

Forced 2-Choice Maze

Forced 2-Choice Maze

Circular central platform T Maze offered by MazeEngineers is used in experiments to investigate spatial navigation in rodents

Circular Central Platform T Maze

Alley Maze

Alley Maze

Hierarchal Maze

Hierarchal Maze

Social Interaction Test

Social Interaction Test

Double Bandit T Maze

Double Bandit T Maze

Gap test is by Learoyd and Lifschitz is in rats, where they use their whiskers to judge whether the distance of an elevated gap is crossable

Gap Cross Test

Angle Entrance Task was devised for a diffuse brain injury rat model

Angle Entrance Task

Fictive Reward Maze is a learning task that involves studying and observing surroundings and making adaptive future choices accordingly

Fictive Reward

The cubic maze is used to compare the spatial cognitive ability of hummingbirds and rodents in a three-dimensional space

Cubic Maze

Water E maze is a novel paradigm used to evaluate empathy and social behavior in rodents

Water E Maze

Double T Maze

Double T Maze

Whisker Guided Exploration

Whisker Guided Exploration

Social Cooperation Chamber

Social Cooperation Chamber

Elevated T-Maze represents a model of anxiety that can discern between panic disorder and general anxiety disorder

Elevated T Maze

Pawedness Trait Test (PaTRaT)

Pawedness Trait Test (PaTRaT)

Six Alley Task requires that the animal remember and select a correct arm out of a set of geometrically similar

Six Alley Maze

Four Box Maze

The sentinel use of the I maze was to investigate the influence of habituation and drug treatments

I Maze

E Maze

H Maze

Double Y-Maze is used in the evaluation of mnemonic functions in rodents

Double Y Maze

Circular Light-Dark box (CLDB) consists of a circular alley with an inner and outer wall that is a variant of the light dark box

Circular Light-Dark box

The four-compartment environment is made from acrylic and consists of four rectangular boxes.

W Maze

Double H Maze

Double H Maze

Crossword Maze

Mirror Biting Cattelan

Mirror Biting Pham

Town Maze

Town Maze

Figure 8 Maze

Figure 8 Maze



Flex Maze

Flex Maze

Climbing Tower: Resistance Exercise System

Object Space Task

Incline Rolling Ladder

Incline Rolling Ladder

Dry Morris Water Maze

Maze was first described in the literature by Sato et al (2017) for learning and memory

Lattice Maze

Odor Span Test

Grid Test

Dig Task

Gait Test

Gait Test

Horizontal Grid Test

Vertical Grid Test

Stairway Test Apparatus originally described in the literature for MCAO stroke models in rats by Boltze et al (2006) in Germany

Stairway Test

Triple Test Maze is an integration of three well-known tests of anxiety/emotionality

Triple Test Maze

Hoarding behavior has been described in many places in the literature, however this variant reviewed by Deacon (2012) is the standard offered by MazeEngineers

Hoarding Apparatus

Ladder Rewarded Elevated Plus Maze by Maze Engineers

Ladder Rewarded Elevated Plus Maze

Magnetic self administration runway apparatus consists of parallel magnetic rails, set a few centimeters apart from each other

Magnetic Self Administration Runway

Marmosets should be housed in families with male/female pairs in cages with a dark nest-box hung in each cage

Marmoset Light Dark Box

Mazeengineers modification of the Y maze includes two removable rectangular wire grid cages for social interaction

Social Y Maze

Elevated Asymmetric Plus maze is an apparatus first described by Ruarte et al (1997) as a method to encourage explorative behavior in the rat

Elevated Asymmetric Plus Maze

Win Stay Maze

3D Open Field apparatus consists of an open, elevated platform with two opposite ends equipped with mesh slopes that are capable of being positioned at varying angles

3D Open Field

Triple Horizontal Bars Maze Engineers

Triple Horizontal Bars

Static Rods Test

Parallel Bars task is used in measuring and determining motor capabilities

Parallel Bars

Two problem T maze used by Granon et al (1994) in working memory investigations

Two Problem T Maze

Mirror Biting Elwood

Mirror Biting Balzarini tests are a popular method used in studies of agonistic interaction

Mirror Biting Balzarini

Mirror biting tests are used to assess the aggression displayed by fishes towards their interspecific and intraspecific opponents

Mirror Biting

Maze Engineers Puzzle Box

Puzzle Box

Mirror Chamber Version 2

Continuous Novel Object Recognition by Maze Engineers

Continuous Novel Object Recognition

Emergence Test

Delayed Matching to Place (DMP) Barnes Maze

Spatial Reorientation

Escape Hole Radial Arm Maze

Controlled Y Maze

Controlled Y Maze

Randomized Barnes

Ziggurat Task

Ziggurat Task

Zebrafish bifurcating T maze has been described in the literature as a screening test for the role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in Zebrafish

Zebrafish Bifurcating T Maze

Novel Object Recognition Assay

Novel Object Recognition Assay

Mirror Chamber Test

Tilt Ladder

Tilt Ladder

Multivariate Concentric Square Field Test

Multivariate Concentric Square Field Test

Self Administration Runway

Self Administration Runway

MWM Open Field Tower by Maze Engineers

MWM Open Field Tower

Stress Alternatives Model Maze

Stress Alternatives Model Maze

Continuous Angled T Maze

Continuous Angled T Maze

FTIR Walkway

Morris Water Straight Swim Channel

Morris Water Straight Swim Channel

Morris Water Snowcone

Morris Water Radial Tread


Hairpin Maze

3D Radial Arm Maze

Attentional Set Shifting (IDED) Chamber

Visual cliff test is used for visualization of preceived barriers

Visual Cliff Test

Bowtie mazes are used for a variety of choice experiments for mice and rats

Bowtie Mazes

Lashley III

Successive alleys test is a novel anxiety test that utilizes fear of open spaces as an assay

Successive Alleys

Mammalian Diving Response, also known as a diving reflex, refers to the physiological responses that occur as a result of submergence

Mammalian Diving Response Apparatus

Skilled forelimb reaching task is a widely used motor assessment for mice and rats

Skilled Forelimb Test

The Horizontal Ladder test is a motor and coordination test for evaluating skilled walking for mice and rats

Horizontal Ladder

The geotaxis test is used to investigate motor coordination and vestibular sensitivity in rodents

Geotaxis Test

Repeated Acquisition and Performance Chamber

Repeated Acquisition and Performance Chamber

Hole Board is a behavioral test used in neuroscience to assess multiple aspects of unconditioned behavior

Hole Board

Hebb-Williams Maze is a behavioral task used for studying spatial working memory animals

Hebb Williams

Balance Beam

Tail suspension test is a standard test of depression

Tail Suspension

Novel Object Recognition

open field test

Open Field

Elevated Plus Maze

The elevated plus maze test is one of the most widely used tests for measuring anxiety-like behavior.

Barnes Maze

Barnes Maze

The Barnes maze is a widely used apparatus for learning and memory.

Zero Maze

Y Maze 2


T Maze

Radial Arm Maze

Maze Engineers Forced Swim Test

Forced Swim Test

Morris Water Maze Protocol

Morris Water Maze

Conditioned place preference chamber is a paradigm widely used to explore the reinforcing effects of natural and pharmacological stimuli

Conditioned Place Preference

Light/Dark box is extensively used to test anxiety-like behavior

Light Dark Box